Tecmerin. Journal of Audiovisual Essays
Issue 7- 2021 (1)
In a recent tweet, professor Toby Miller pointed out that “The two hundred highest-ranked journals in the Social Science Citation Index and Web of Science find authors blissfully ignoring knowledge from the Global South—the citation of such “others” by European and North American researchers over the last thirty years is virtually zero.” In other terms, the Media Studies academic world reproduces the same hierarchies at work in other aspects of social life. It is thus Eurocentric, giving priority to works coming from Western Europe and North America. The imperial imagery that Shohat and Stam defined a long time ago in their influential book Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media (1994) remains largely unchallenged. Not coincidentally, in the recent Sight & Sound poll for best video essays of 2020, the overwhelming majority of titles in the list are in English. Granted, English is the lingua franca of international academia, and not all these works are Eurocentric. It is also legitimate that authors often utilize English to give more visibility to their research and creative projects. At the same time, this lack of cultural and linguistic diversity is a very telling fact. In Tecmerin: Journal of Audiovisual Essays, we publish works in any language, as long as they have English or Spanish subtitles. Consequently, we do participate in the perpetuation of these hierarchies even if we modestly contribute to alter them too.
In issue 7, we are proud to incorporate a new language to our video essay collection: Farsi. We are also delighted with the fact that the majority of works have been made by women, challenging the dominant role of male authors and creators within the worldwide panorama, and, specifically, Spain.
In the section “From the Archive”, via the phenomenal project carried out by a group of UC3M researchers, the Archive of Cinematic Mobility, we showcase two audiovisual pieces that deal with “The Global South”. Specifically, they approach issues of migration, mobility and displacement. We include two pieces, Border Diaries, by Ceuta filmmaker Irene Gutiérrez and Round Trip, the result of a series of collaborative projects and workshops that reflect upon migrant experiences in contemporary Spain.
Finally, we open a new section, “Student Showcase”. In the Media Studies Department at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, we have successfully implemented the realization of video essays in different courses of our curriculum. We have encouraged students to submit their works for publication in the journal. All these audiovisual essays have gone through a blind peer review process.
We hope you enjoy this spring issue. Winter ain’t coming yet.
The Representation of Rape On Screen: How the Gaze Influences our (Mis)Conceptions of Sexual Assaults
Lucie Emch (SOAS, University of London) – 11:00
This audiovisual essay analyzes two artworks, Outrage (Ida Lupino, 1950) and Rapin* (Jenny Wilson, 2018), which address the issue of rape by focusing on the male gaze in order to present the victim’s point of view. Both works also remind us that sexual assaults are experiences that mark the flesh and the mind.
Keywords: Female gaze, #MeToo Movement, Ida Lupino, Jenny Wilson
Sara Delshad (Independent Researcher) – 8:43
Chris Marker devised a way for creating friendship and equality between his subjects and himself, between his subjects and the spectators, and between the spectators and himself. He makes it happen by hunting his subjects’ gazes with his camera, through the ways they stare back.
Keywords: Chris Marker, Film Essay, Staring Back, Documentary, Mutual Gaze, Sans Soleil
Marion Cotillard Doesn’t Exist (And This is The Proof)
Elena G. Vilela (Video Essayist) – 11:11
What if you discovered that your life is a lie and that you don’t exist? This is what happened to Marion Cotillard, a renowned actress.
Keywords: reality, fiction, metacine, editing, actress
De la femme
Caterina Cucinotta (Universidade NOVA de Lisboa) & Jesús Ramé López (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos) – 05:09
This audiovisual essay studies the relationship between cinema and fashion from a different point of view: women in front of and behind the camera.
Keywords: Film Montage, Fashion, Film theory, Film History, Genre
Diego Ginartes & Valentín Via – 05:07
Based on the films Diaries (David Perlov, 1983) and Là-bas (Chantal Akerman, 2006), this audiovisual essay approaches Jewish identity, utilizing the allegorical resource of the window as a catalyst to create a space for reflection. The stylistic processes of these two works are reconfigured through this audiovisual exercise to detonate a third stage of thought.
Keywords: David Perlov, Chantal Akerman, film diaries, identity, postmemory
How To Cook When Instant Food Doesn’t Fill You Up
Claudia Bielsa Gómez Tostón Salazar, Nuria de Andrés Masa & Bahía Delgado Manso (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) – 16:41
In this audiovisual essay, we analyze the concept of women’s cinema and the erroneous notions of gender that are attached to it through the works of Korean filmmaker Yim Soon-Rye.
Keywords: Korean cinema, women, Yim Soon-Rye, feminism
Ocho apellidos vascos y la cultura popular española
Milagros Valerio, Claudia Sánchez & Mar Muñoz (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) – 10:20
This audiovisual essay explores the notion of popular culture in Spanish society through the film Spanish Affair (Martínez-Lázaro, 2015).
Keywords: Popular culture, society, star-system, Spanish Affair, stereotypes
From the Archive
This work analyzes two videos that are part of the Archive of Cinematic Mobility: Diarios de frontera / Border Diaries (Irene Gutiérrez, 2013) and Viaje de ida y vuelta / Round Trip (Destiny Osarumwense y Obehi Ottasowie, 2020)
Section curated by Miguel Fernández Labayen, Yamila Díaz, Sonia Dueñas, Santiago Lomas & Tamara Moya (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) & Irene Gutiérrez (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
Tecmerin. Revista de Ensayos Audiovisuales
© Grupo de Investigación Tecmerin
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid